Typhoid Fever Reported in the USA
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Advisory Network announced on February 12, 2021, it had identified nine cases of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever in the USA unrelated to international travel.
Typhoid fever is a systemic illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (Typhi) when transmitted through contaminated food and water and person-to-person contact. The disease is treated with antibiotics; without appropriate antibiotic treatment, up to 30% of people with typhoid fever will die, said the CDC on February 12, 2021.
Since 2016, an ongoing outbreak of XDR typhoid fever has sickened more than 5,000 people in Pakistan, and 11 children in the United States who traveled to or from Pakistan, reported the CDC. All travelers to Pakistan are at risk of getting XDR typhoid fever.
Most people in the United States diagnosed with typhoid fever acquired it during international travel. The CDC recommends vaccination for people traveling to places where typhoid fever is common.