Polio Travel Alerts Issued for Several Asia Countries
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced on February 4, 2021, there are polio outbreaks in several countries in Asia. Countries in Asia where a booster dose of polio vaccine is recommended before travel are visible on this CDC map.
According to this Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions, travelers going to countries with circulating poliovirus who have completed their routine polio vaccine series but who have not already received an adult booster dose, the CDC recommends administering an inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) booster dose.
The World Health Organization recommends that these countries require residents and long-term (4 weeks or more) visitors to show proof of polio vaccination before leaving the country.
Since 2000, the IPV is most often given in the USA. It is administered by a shot in the arm or leg, depending on the person’s age. The oral polio vaccine (OPV) is offered in other countries.