Polio Eradication Efforts Continue in Africa and Asia
Switzerland-based Global Polio Eradication Initiative published its weekly summary of new WPV and cVDPV polioviruses AFP cases and ES positives. This map displays the latest number of WPV1 and cVDPV cases in each affected country.
As of March 3, 2021, the following countries reported polio news: Afghanistan: one cVDPV2 case and nine cVDPV2 positive environmental samples; Pakistan: three WPV1 environmental samples, three cVDPV2 cases, and 10 cVDPV2 positive environmental samples; Egypt: two cVDPV2 positive environmental samples, Ethiopia: one cVDPV2 case and one positive environmental sample, Liberia: three cVDPV2 positive environmental samples, South Sudan: seven cVDPV2 cases, Tajikistan: one cVDPV2 positive environmental sample.
Polio can be prevented with a vaccine, says the U.S. CDC. The CDC recommends that children get polio vaccinated to protect against poliomyelitis. Since 2000, the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is most often given in the USA. It is administered by a shot in the arm or leg, depending on the person’s age.
The IPOL vaccine is a sterile suspension of three types of poliovirus: Type 1 (Mahoney), Type 2 (MEF-1), and Type 3 (Saukett). It is a highly purified, inactivated poliovirus vaccine with enhanced potency administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with six-core partners with a goal to eradicate polio worldwide.