Somalia Stops cVDPV3 Polio Outbreak
The Director of Polio Eradication for WHO’s Eastern Mediterranean Region, Dr. Hamid Jafari, declared the Federal Republic of Somalia’s outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 3 (cVDPV3) had been successfully stopped, with no international spread.
The outbreak closed a full 28 months after this strain of polio was last detected in Somalia.
However, the 2018 cVDPV3 outbreak in Somalia was part of a 2-strain polio outbreak, along with circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). Both strains emerge and paralyze children in under-immunized populations.
Across this WHO Region, the cVDPV2 outbreak is ongoing. Thus, paralytic polio is still a risk for un- or under-immunized children in Somalia.
Wild poliovirus still stalks children across Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the movement of people across borders underscores the risk of importation across and beyond the Region.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) map indicates various countries continue reporting new poliovirus cases. A listing of polio cases over the past 12-months is published at this GPEI link.
Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa, located in northeast Africa, with a population exceeding 15 million residents.
The U.S. CDC recommends that children in the USA get polio vaccinated to protect against poliomyelitis. Since 2000, the inactivated polio vaccine is most often given in the USA. The CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Vaccine Recommendations is published on this webpage.
The oral polio vaccine is offered in various countries.