Cameroon's Cholera Outbreak Intensives
The U.S. CDC recently announced there is an outbreak of cholera in Cameroon's Centre, Littoral, South, Southwest, and North regions.
On May 3, 2022, the CDC stated 'cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It is spread through contaminated food or water.
It usually takes 2-3 days for symptoms to appear after ingesting cholera bacteria, ranging from a few hours to 5 days.
People should seek medical care immediately if they develop severe diarrhea.
Rapid loss of body fluids can lead to dehydration, shock, and even death.
To prevent cholera, people should follow safe food and water guidelines and wash their hands frequently.
The CDC issued a Watch - Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions, to alert potential visitors to these Cameroon regions.
Vaccination against cholera is not routinely recommended because most travelers do not visit areas of active transmission.
Travelers (including children) planning to visit regions with active cholera transmission should discuss getting vaccinated with their doctor or pharmacist at least one month before travel.
The Vaxchora oral vaccine is U.S. FDA authorized for active immunization against disease caused by Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1.
Vaxchorea is approved for use in adults 18 through 64 years of age traveling to cholera-affected areas.
Travel vaccination counseling sessions can be requested at this weblink.
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