Cholera Outbreaks 2023

Authored by
Last reviewed
January 25, 2023
Content Overview
Cholera is a vaccine preventable disease causing outbreaks in Haiti, Malawi, and Syria during 2023.

Cholera Outbreaks 2023

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has identified an unprecedented global increase in cholera outbreaks. In December 2022, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported outbreaks in 29 countries, From 2017-2021, fewer than 20 countries were affected.

On December 5, 2022, the CDC's Clinician Outreach and Communication alert identified an unprecedented global increase in cholera infections. As of December 21, 2022, the CDC considers about 25 countries have active cholera transmissions, such as Haiti, Malawi, and Syria.

In addition, the CDC believes these areas in Africa of active cholera transmission: Benin, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, KenyaMalawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

And the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has reported cholera cases in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iraq, Lebanon, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Syria, and Yemen.

Amid concern that the cholera upsurge is being driven by extreme climate events and displacement of people because of war, WHO reported in 2023 that the flare-ups have become more significant and deadly.

Cholera in the U.S.

As of December 1, 2022, the CDC confirmed (8) travelers infected with cholera arrived in the U.S. from Pakistan, Iraq, and Bangladesh. The CDC says clinicians should be prepared to treat cholera cases in returning travelers.

Cholera Vaccines

As of 2023, various cholera vaccines have been approved. On September 30, 2022, the CDC published updated Cholera Vaccine Recommendations. However, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Vaxchora® vaccine is temporarily unavailable in the U.S.

Since 2013, the International Coordinating Group (ICG) for cholera vaccine manages the global stockpile of oral cholera vaccine (OCV), which was created in 1997 as an additional tool to help control cholera epidemics. Since its establishment until October 2022, almost 73 million doses of OCV were shipped to 23 countries.

Cholera Outbreak News 2023

January 19, 2023 - GAVI reported Malawi secured 2.9 million doses in November 2022.

January 17, 2023 - The Haitian Ministry of Health confirmed the cholera outbreak has expanded in 2023. As of January 3, 2023, about 20,000 suspected cholera cases had been reported nationwide.

January 13, 2023 - The U.S. CDC published: As of January 3, 2023, >20,000 suspected cholera cases had been reported in Haiti.

January 11, 2023 - Malawi's Health Minister Khumbize Kandodo Chiponda confirmed the country had recorded 22,759 cholera cases and 750 deaths since March 2022.

January 6, 2023 - The BMJ reported Jane Feinmann follows the work of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in fighting this easily treated, yet rising, worldwide threat.

December 12, 2022 - Haiti received around 1.17 million doses of oral cholera vaccines. "The arrival of oral vaccines in Haiti is a step in the right direction," MSPP Director General Lauré Adrien said.

December 8, 2022 - Cholera outbreak in Hispaniola 2022 - PAHO Situation Report #8. The DR Ministry of Health in the city of Santo Domingo confirmed 4 cases in the country since October 2022. In Haiti, confirmed cholera cases are reported in new areas. The Department of Epidemiology, Laboratories, and Research confirmed 13,672 suspected cases had been reported in all ten departments since October 2, 2022.

December 5, 2022 - News article: Cholera Returns to the U.S.

November 30, 2022 - CFK Africa is preparing for the potential to see a resurgence in cholera cases as the highly infectious and deadly disease makes a local comeback. Nairobi and Kiambu counties in Kenya have recently recorded cholera outbreaks, and the nonprofit has already documented (3) cases at its Tabitha Medical Clinic in the informal settlement of Kibera in Nairobi.

November 29, 2022 - Cholera Vaccines Arrive in Syria.

November 18, 2022 - Haiti's Latest Cholera Outbreak Subsides.

November 7, 2022 - Cholera is endemic in Malawi. The current outbreak started in March 2022 and has affected 27 of 29 districts of Malawi, representing the most significant outbreak reported in the country in the past ten years. 

October 20, 2022 - According to the acting Director General for Health in Kenya, Dr. Patrick Amoth, the cholera outbreak's origin can be traced to a wedding festival in Kiambu County and was spread across Kiambu(31), Nairobi(17), Murang'a (1), Kajiado(2), Nakuru(2) and Uasin Gishu(8) counties. Of the sixty-one cases reported, thirteen people are hospitalized, eight have been discharged, and forty are treated as outpatients.