Measles Outbreaks 2023
Measles Outbreaks 2023
Measles cases worldwide increased 79% during the initial months of 2022 compared with 2021, and experts warned of increasing outbreaks in 2023. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the measles virus is highly contagious, and about 90% of unprotected people will become infected when exposed to the virus. In the United Kingdom (U.K.), the NHS recommends the best way to protect children against measles is through vaccination with an MMR vaccine.
The CDC's top ten global measles outbreaks as of January 13, 2023, were led by India, with 12,271 cases, and Yemen, with 7,538. To alert travelers, the CDC published a Watch-Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions notice regarding measles outbreaks in Africa and Afghanistan on December 1, 2022. In 2021, there were an estimated 9 million cases and 128 000 deaths from measles worldwide, reports the World Health Organization (WHO).
Measles Outbreaks U.S.
As of January 19, 2023, the CDC reported 121 measles cases in six U.S. jurisdictions confirmed during 2022. In 2021, a total of 49 measles cases were reported by five jurisdictions.
The Health Department of the City of Columbas, Ohio, and Franklin County Public Health (FCPH), reported that since June 2022, there have been (85) confirmed measles cases in children, of which (36) were hospitalized as of February 3, 2023.
On January 20, 2023, Kentucky confirmed a measles case reported in Dec. 2022 in Christian County that was associated with Ohio's measles outbreak, according to Kentucky Cabinet of Health and Family Services spokesman Brice Mitchell. As a result, Louisville, Kentucky, and the Jefferson County Public Schools are conducting measles vaccination clinics for about 10,000 unvaccinated students in 2023. In addition, on January 20, 2023, local media reported on-campus measles clinics at Iroquois High School, Marion C. Moore School, Newcomer Academy, and Fern Creek High School on February 7, 2023.
Measles Outbreaks India
India's ongoing measles outbreak, with over 12,000 cases in 2022, impacts various areas. For example, measles vaccination for children will launch in Delhi in February 2023. And according to West Bengal data reported for 2022, there were 1,804 measles cases. As a result, the West Bengal Health Department launched a Measles-Rubella Vaccination Campaign on January 9, 2023, focusing on schools to address measles outbreaks. And on January 3, 2022, the IndianExpress reported the government of Maharashtra, India, was administering 4.74 lakh additional measles doses. Additionally, Measles is spreading in Nadapuram, Kozhikode, where measles cases had reached 32 by January 20, 2023.
On December 22, 2022, the journal Nature published an article: India public-health researchers say measles has returned in four large cities and is encouraging millions of children didn't get vaccinated. Between 2019 and 2021, about 56% of children received the recommended two doses of the measles vaccine on schedule, according to India's National Family Health Survey.
Measles Outbreak South Africa 2023
In South Africa, 305 cases of laboratory-confirmed measles have been reported across five provinces as of week #52 (Jan. 6, 2023). 'Whilst measles cases that are seen at hospitals may not necessarily be admitted, this figure gives us an indication of the severity of illness. The number of admitted patients will be a subset of these cases, wrote the National Institute for Communicable Diseases.
Measles Outbreak South Korea 2023
In January 2023, the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) reported a travel-related local measles case. Previously, a measles outbreak with 20 confirmed cases occurred at a children's hospital in Daejeon, South Korea, from March 28 to April 21, 2019.
On January 23, 2023, the Paraguay IHR National Focal Point notified the WHO of a confirmed case of measles in the Itapúa Department, Paraguay. Itapúa is close to the southern border of Paraguay with Argentina. Of 181 people surveyed, 107 were vaccinated against measles and rubella, with a coverage of 59%. The official measles vaccination coverage for the first and second doses of MMR in 2021 was reported to be 56% and 55%, respectively,
Measles Outbreak Costs
The AAP's journal Pediatrics published a study in April 2021 that indicates that during a measles outbreak in Washington, costs were $47,479 per case or $814 per contact. And on January 22, 2020, Clinical Infectious Diseases published a meta-study that calculated the median cost per measles case was $32,805 (range, $7,396-$76,154).
As of February 17, 2022, the U.S. CDC published the updated measles vaccination schedules for 2022. In addition, various measles vaccines, such as MMR-II and Priorix, are listed on this Precision Vaccinations webpage.
Measles Vaccination For Travelers
This CDC web tool empowers international travelers to determine whether or not they need a measles vaccination before departure. On November 23, 2022, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that nearly forty million children are susceptible to the measles virus.
Measles Outbreak News 2023
January 4, 2023 - The State of Ohio confirmed its 82 measles patient in 2022.
December 7, 2022 - As of October 2022, a total of 15,00 cases of measles have been reported in Somalia since January 2022.
December 1, 2022 - The CDC reported some African countries are reporting increased measles. Therefore, according to the CDC, immunization schedules travelers to Africa, including infants and preschool children, should be fully vaccinated against measles. October 26, 2022, Victoria reported the fifth measles patient related to overseas travelers in 2022.
November 25, 2022 - Mumbai, India, confirmed the number of suspected measles cases rose to 3,378.